the lesson
Artificial Intelligence
The lesson consists of some theory, discussion, video demonstration, practical assignment smartphones, and homework.
1
45-90 minutes
Duration
2
Beginner
Difficulty Level
3
10+ years
Adapted for Age
The Lesson Presentation
Goals:

  • Students who have listened to this course will have a basic idea of what artificial intelligence is, how this technology works, and how artificial intelligence differs from the concept of robots
  • Students will also learn words associated with this field of computer science
  • They will consider modern examples of technology use, discuss in the classroom the impact of artificial intelligence on the everyday life, and get acquainted with the professions that allow deeper study of possibilities of artificial intelligence and machine learning.
Note: The lesson is built on the BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) principle; so we encourage students to use their own smartphones while doing practical tasks.
Lesson Contains:

  • Training material/lesson plan
  • Questions for discussion
  • Videos
  • Slides / projection images
  • Tasks for independent work
  • Task for work in groups
  • Tasks for working with your own smartphones/tablets
  • Printed materials
  • Homework
What is needed for the lesson:

  • Projector for showing video and slides;
  • Chalkboard, chalk or markers;
  • Smartphones on Android or iOS platform;
  • Presentation: Open
  • Videos

How To Use This Lesson

This lesson is designed for an academic hour, but a teacher can extend it to 90 minutes. An important element of the lesson is the students' ability to express their thoughts freely, to learn to think critically, to analyze facts and to engage in discussion.

Students are allowed to use their own smartphones during the lesson, but it's important that they download in advance relevant applications - Siri (iOS) or Google Assistant (Android).

The lesson is built in a way that allows students to answer the questions: "What do I know about how artificial intelligence works?", "How can I use artificial intelligence in everyday life?", "How can development of artificial intelligence technologies affect my future?"

On this page, you will find a lesson plan that contains teaching materials and a list of slides and video, as well as recommendations on class activity at certain points of the lesson. You will also find important information in the prompts for the speaker within the presentation.

The lesson does not contain branded content, however, it is built on real examples of modern companies, and their names are indicated in tips for the teacher. Whether to voice them during the lesson remains at the discretion of the teacher, according to the internal policy of the educational institution.

You can conduct the lesson "as it is" or give more attention and time to certain parts.

After the lesson, please share with us your impressions. Was the lesson interesting to you? Was it easy to understand the topic? Were there enough materials and videos? What additional questions did students ask? How can we improve on the lesson?

You will find a feedback form at the end of the lesson. Let's talk!

Good luck!

The Lesson Structure
Topic Introduction
Part 1, 5 minutes
  • Teacher starts a lesson with an interesting, lively discussion of the topic, raises questions for students, motivates them to think critically, creatively, freely and moderates the discussion.
  • Lesson elements: discussion, creative thinking, video demonstration.
Actualization of Knowledge
Part 2, 10 minutes
  • Teacher clearly formulates the purpose of the lesson, explains the role of modern technology in human life and helps students to understand why it is important to be knowledgeable about the topic.
  • Lesson elements: discussion, creative thinking, video demonstration.
Awareness / Acquisition of knowledge
Part 3, 10 minutes
  • Teacher explains theoretical material and terminology, demonstrates the impact of new technologies on the development of society and discusses with students real-life examples.
  • Lesson elements: theoretical part, creative thinking, discussion, notes, video demonstration.
Reflection
Part 4, 10 minutes
  • Teacher initiates discussion, verifies whether students understood the material and whether they changed the views they expressed at the beginning of the lesson.
  • Elements of the lesson: discussion, creative thinking, critical thinking.
Practical assignment, BYOD
Part 5, 5 minutes
  • Practical work in group or independently with smartphones or tablets (BYOD).
  • Lesson elements: BYOD, independent work, group work, practical work, critical thinking, analytical thinking.
Homework
Part 6, 2 minutes
  • Teacher encourages students to continue studying the material on their own through interactive homework.
  • Lesson elements: homework, independent work, analytical thinking, critical thinking.
part 1 (5 minutes)
Topic Introduction
Robots R2D2 and C3PO from "Star Wars"
Today, it's hard to imagine our lives without computers, the latest technology and convenient devices. It seems that every minute they multiply in quantity.

And robots! Who of you has ever played with robots or seen them in a movie? Name the robots you know!

Tips:
. Robots R2D2 and C3PO from "Star Wars";
. Robots WALL-E and EVE from "WALL-E" cartoon;
. Robot Bender from Futurama.
Slide 1. Discussion. Creative thinking
Tell us what was their work and what were they able to do?

Tips:
. Robot-soldier (shoot, defend or attack, perform military missions and tasks)
. Robot-mechanic (repair equipment, help to pilot aircraft, detect technical failures in systems)
. Robot-cleaner (collect and sort garbage, take it to a certain place)
. Robot-translator ("SitriPio" from "Star Wars").
Discussion
What other types of robots would make our daily lives easier?
What should they do?

Tips: Drive cars, cook pancakes, clean, and help us do crossword puzzles.
Slide 2. Creative thinking.
Video showing.
Can we say that these robots are smart? If they can do the same tasks as we do, can we say that they have the same intelligence?

Today we are going to talk about what artificial intelligence is.
Slide 3
part 2 (10 minutes)
The actualization of Knowledge
In fact, every day many people deal with this technology, but few really understand what it is like. What do you think artificial intelligence is?
Slide 4. Discussion. Creative thinking
It is a broad field of computer science that makes machines similar to people and their way of thinking similar to human intelligence.

Let's consider an example:

When a computer is programmed to drive, it goes from point A to point B following traffic rules. It detects red and green lights, road markings, pedestrian crossings or no entry marks.

This is only one type of programmed intelligence.
Slide 5. Video showing
What about other signals?

For example, to recognize an irate behaviour and stay away from such a driver. Or responding to unexpected road situation.

Yes, robots of the future will be able to do such things. So very soon, an artificial intelligence will become a little less artificial and a lot more reasonable.

But we are not expecting a new series of "Terminator" on the streets of our city.
Do all robots have artificial intelligence and does artificial intelligence always have a robot form? No!

Let's understand.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is not a robot, but rather a software that helps the robot to make personal decisions and perform more creative tasks.

The robot is but a shell that covers what the technology actually feeds on.

For example, if at home you have a robot cleaner that turns on at a certain time and cleans the floor, it does not mean that it is equipped with artificial intelligence - it is only programmed for a specific work.

But if a robot can beat you in chess, answer questions or learn on its own - you probably are dealing with artificial intelligence.
We have mastered and implemented AI in many spheres of life. There are a lot of such systems in our cars; it is the basis of Google search engine and Facebook news feed.

Modern anti spam filters in our mail, autopilots in planes and even a number of games are the result of AI.

Complex systems of narrow-profile artificial intelligence are used in production, in the field of finance, in stock exchanges and in the military sphere.

Artificial intelligence is even in your smartphone.
The main advantage of artificial intelligence over a human is the ability to process huge amounts of data very quickly. After all, new information appears every minute.

Just imagine, 90% of world data has been created over the past two years!

And now, thanks to advances in processing speed, computers can actually "digest" all this information faster.
Slide 6
part 3 (10 minutes)
Awareness / Acquisition of Knowledge
So you understand that artificial intelligence is a program, a computer code that is the basis of a variety of devices and applications - from computer games to cars and aircraft.

Now let's look at different types of AI.
1. Artificial intelligence of narrow specialization.

This is the first level of artificial consciousness that specializes in making decisions in just one area: for example, it can beat the world champion of chess but can do just that and nothing more.

This type of artificial intelligence is sometimes called "reactionary," because the program makes decisions about its next step based on the particular situation at the moment. It does not remember or analyze previous events but only calculates possible actions starting from how the chess pieces stand on the board and chooses the best option. Before the next step, calculations are carried out again.
Slide 7
2. General artificial intelligence.

This is the level two artificial intelligence, which reaches and exceeds the level of ordinary human intelligence: it can solve mathematical and logical tasks, think abstractly, compare and master complex ideas and learn quickly, including from its own experience.

This type of artificial intelligence differs from the previous one in that it has a memory, though not a very long one.

For example, before a self-driving car decides on a particular maneuver, like changing lanes, it needs some time to observe other road users. How many cars are there around? How fast are they moving? The next step of this program will be according to that memory and analysis of previous events.

In this case, the machine does not store the information for a long time, unlike a human who thus accumulates experience.
Slide 8
3. Artificial super intellect (does not exist yet).

The third level of artificial intelligence is supposed to be smarter than all humanity combined - at first a little and then, as the result of self-learning, - in trillions of times.

These machines will be able to understand our world, including human motives and aspirations.
Slide 9
Have you noticed something very interesting that the last two types have in common? Has something unusual surprised you?

Hint: Self-education.
Discussion. Critical Thinking
It turns out that machines and programs are able to learn the same way as children. How does it work?

Tell us how children learn things?

Tips: They read books, watch movies, go to school, get to know the world with their own eyes, in places such as the park, the museum or the woods.

So, we have realized that we learn from our own experience, don't we?

Little children see that the grass is green and the snow is white and cold, and then in school they get to know why.

And what can robots and computers that can not walk outdoors do? For example, while a person can easily distinguish a cat from a dog, for a computer it is by no means possible.

Do you agree that if we just consider the appearance alone, the difference between a cat and a dog is not so obvious?

For example, you may assume that cats have sharpened ears while dogs' ears hang. But these rules are not universal.

There are many variations in length of tails and texture and colour of fur.

Therefore, in order to teach a computer to recognize the difference, someone has to set lots and lots of boring rules and very, very many different images and examples.

Thus, machines will be able to analyze thousands of different examples and write rules based on them (these are also called algorithms).

This is called machine learning. With time, as the machine gets more experience, it can change the configurations of the algorithm - thus becoming smarter.

Modern machines can diagnose cancer or compose classical symphonies.
Slide 10. Creative thinking
Part 4
Reflection
Let's compare human and robot abilities to learn.
Write down in the notebook the advantages in learning of a computer over a human.

Tips:

  • A computer cannot forget thing
  • It cannot be overloaded with information
  • It is not prone to sleeping disorders or fatigue that affect information perception
  • It can't be distracted
  • It has fast learning speed
  • It has a lot of memory
  • It is very productive
  • It has the ability to collect data and process it.
Slide 11. Discussion. Creative Thinking.
What are the advantages of a human over a computer?

Tips:
. Ability to be creative
. We have the ability to be original
. We have the ability to think strategically
. We have more "flexible" thinking
. We have the ability to act spontaneously and to improvise
.
Slide 12. Discussion. Critical Thinking.
Many professions may soon become out of work because their work will be done by robots. Give examples of how human work has been replaced by a computer/robot.

Tips:
. Postmen (robotic sorting of letters at the post office and popularity of electronic correspondence)
. Car parkers
. Travel agents.
Slide 13. Discussion. Critical Thinking
And what professions will robots never be able to master at the level of a human?

Tips:
. Actors
. Artists, designers
. Inventors
. Psychologists.
Slide 14. Discussion.
Creative thinking
PART 5 (5 MINUTES)
Practical work with Futurio App, BYOD
And now let's see with our own eyes how artificial intelligence works.

Get your smartphones or tablets (iOS is recommended). Use Siri voice search (or Google Android Assistant). Ask:

What are the day and year now? What will be the date after 79 days?
How much will be zero divided by zero?
Will you prepare a sandwich for me?
Make me laugh!
Are you an artificial intelligence?
How many days are left until the New Year?

Ask your own questions.

Do you feel that you are talking to a real person?

Why do you think you have such an impression?

Tips:

. Speech recognition
. Ability to ask any questions
. There is no limit to the formulation of sentences (the same question can be voiced in several ways and "artificial intelligence" will still understand the language)
. Artificial intelligence tried to joke
. A sense of "spontaneous" conversation



What are the benefits of having a conversation with a real person?

Slide 15
PART 6 (2 MINUTES)
Homework
AutoDraw application that uses artificial intelligence to recognize images. Invite students to draw a draft and see how the app will recognize it.

Link: https://www.autodraw.com/
How it works: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VwRbvVrUXTc

Good luck!
Slides 16
The Lesson Presentation

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